The Possible Factors of Delayed Asylum Decisions

Asylum seekers in the United States often face lengthy delays in their asylum decision process, leaving them in limbo and uncertain about their future and fear of a denied decision. The reasons for the delay are many, ranging from a backlog of cases to administrative challenges to changes in immigration policy. 

In this article, we will explore the factors that contribute to the delay in asylum decisions and the impact it has on asylum seekers.

Understanding the Asylum Process in the United States 

Before we delve into the reasons for the delay, it is important to understand the asylum process in the immigration law of the United States. 

An asylum is a form of protection granted to individuals who have a founded fear of persecution in their home country based on their race, religion, nationality, political opinion, or membership in a particular social group. Asylum seekers can apply for asylum at a port of entry or from within the United States.

To apply, the process involves several steps, including filing an application for asylum, attending an interview with an asylum officer or an immigration judge, and presenting evidence to support the claim, all these steps take several months or years. If the application is approved, the individual is granted asylum and can stay in the United States. If the application is denied, the individual may be placed in removal proceedings and deported from the United States.

Factors Contributing to Delayed Asylum Decisions

There are a lot of different factors that contribute to the delay, some of them are:

  • Backlog of Cases

One of the most significant factors contributing to delayed asylum decisions is the backlog of cases in the immigration court system. According to the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC), as of March 2021, there were over 1.3 million cases pending in the immigration court system, with an average wait time of over 1,000 days for a decision. The backlog has been exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic, which has led to court closures and delays, and after the migration crisis over the following years, the situation is worse than ever before.

  • Administrative Challenges

The asylum process is complicated and involves multiple government agencies, including U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) and Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), among others. Delays can occur at any point in the process due to administrative challenges, such as incomplete or missing documentation, staff shortages, and errors in processing. Also, the COVID pandemic has effectively more significant delays.

  • Changes in Immigration Policy

Changes in immigration policy can also contribute to delayed asylum decisions. The Trump administration implemented several policies aimed at limiting asylum, including the Migrant Protection Protocols,  or MPP, which required asylum seekers to wait in Mexico while their cases were processed in the United States, and a rule that denied asylum to individuals who did not apply for protection in a third country before arriving in the United States. These policies created confusion and uncertainty, leading to delays in processing asylum claims, leaving thousands waiting in Mexico and thousands in US territory without access to a resolution. 

Impact of Delayed Asylum Decisions


The delay in asylum decisions has a significant impact on asylum seekers in the United States territory and outside the territory. Asylum seekers are fleeing persecution in their home country and have already experienced trauma and hardship and the uncertainty and lengthy wait for a decision can exacerbate their trauma and make it difficult for them to rebuild their lives in the United States. Consequently, many asylum seekers are unable to work or access healthcare while their cases are pending, leaving them in a precarious situation and vulnerable to their rights.

What’s the best thing to do for an asylum seeker?

The delay in asylum decisions is complicated and requires a comprehensive solution. Changes in immigration policy should prioritize the protection of asylum seekers and provide a clear and fair process for adjudicating asylum claims.

The delay in asylum decisions is a significant issue that affects the lives of many asylum seekers in the United States and abroad. It is essential to address the underlying factors contributing to the delay and provide support to asylum seekers while their cases are pending. With increased resources, improved communication, and a commitment to fair and timely processing of asylum claims, we can ensure that asylum seekers are given the protection and support they need to rebuild their lives in the United States.

Navigating the asylum process can be daunting, demanding, and complex, and it is essential to have experienced legal representation to guide you through the process. Attorney Farrah Qazi and Qazi Law Offices have over 15 years of experience representing clients in asylum cases. 

Our firm provides comprehensive legal services, including assistance with filing asylum applications, representing clients in asylum interviews, and defending clients in removal proceedings. 

Attorney Farrah Qazi and Qazi Law Offices understand the challenges that asylum seekers face and are committed to providing compassionate and effective legal representation. If you believe your case qualifies for an asylum case, call our office at 630 504-0648 to get started. We are here to help and guide you through every step of the way. Don’t worry, calling our office to inquire about our services and have your case evaluated is absolutely free!

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